Social Anxiety is very prevalent in our society probably partly
because of social pressure to live up to idealized social expectations
and partly due to the emotional and psychological insecurity
of the individual with this disorder.
Add to this the tendency to analyze and evaluate everything. People with this disorder realize their negative thoughts and feeling are irrational, yet they cannot stop them. A cycle of negative thoughts and negative actions is set into play that can only be stopped with appropriate psychotherapy.
A variety of medical and mental-health professionals are qualified to assess and treat panic disorders. From purely medical professionals like primary-care doctors, emergency-room physicians to practitioners with mental-health training like psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers, a variety of health-care providers may be involved in the care of panic disorder sufferers. Some practitioners will administer a self-test of screening questions to people whom they suspect may be suffering from panic disorder. In addition to looking for symptoms of repeated panic attacks by asking detailed questions about the sufferer's history and conducting a mental-status examination, mental-health professionals will explore the possibility that the individual's symptoms are caused by another emotional illness instead of, or in addition to the diagnosis of panic disorder. For example, people with an addiction often experience panic attacks, but those symptom characteristics generally only occur when the person is either intoxicated or withdrawing from the substance. The practitioner will also likely ensure that a physical examination and any other appropriate medical tests have been done recently to explore whether there is any medical problem that could be contributing to the occurrence of panic attacks. That is particularly important since many medical conditions may have panic attacks as a symptom and therefore require that the underlying medical condition be treated in order to alleviate the associated anxiety. Examples of that include the need for treatment with antibiotics for infections like Lyme disease or vitamin supplements to address certain forms of anemia.