Italian cities well beyond Rome boasted their own vestiges of ancient culture, such as aqueducts, triumphal arches, gates, walls, and temples. A drawing of rustic houses standing among Roman ruins by an artist in the circle of the Venetian painter Giorgione captures an impression of the casual mingling of ancient and modern in the Italian landscape. Succeeding generations of artists would capitalize on the poignancy of these random traces of the once mighty Roman Empire. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, ruins often played a starring role in landscape paintings, for example Marco Ricci ’s architectural fantasy A Capriccio of Roman Ruins , 1720s, or Louise-Joséphine Sarazin de Belmont’s romanticized topographical view (or capriccio) The Roman Theater at Taormina , 1828.
What is most strange is that multiple waves of invasion followed by northern tribes settling in the north of Israel is not an event which has gone unmentioned in the Bible. The invaders were the Assyrians. The settlers were the northern tribes who eventually became the Samaritans. And if the people in the south were descended from the Late Bronze Age inhabitants of the land, why, that merely means that the kingdom of Judah was a continuation of the kingdom of Judah. The only historical claims which are contradicted by the archeological record are those of the Samaritans, who claim to have been the descendants of the ten tribes of Israel.