Then which are the pit bulls that get into trouble? “The ones that the legislation is geared toward have aggressive tendencies that are either bred in by the breeder, trained in by the trainer, or reinforced in by the owner,” Herkstroeter says. A mean pit bull is a dog that has been turned mean, by selective breeding, by being cross-bred with a bigger, human-aggressive breed like German shepherds or Rottweilers, or by being conditioned in such a way that it begins to express hostility to human beings. A pit bull is dangerous to people, then, not to the extent that it expresses its essential pit bullness but to the extent that it deviates from it. A pit-bull ban is a generalization about a generalization about a trait that is not, in fact, general. That’s a category problem.
In this section we looked at the importance of summarising
information in academic writing. Summarising is useful for
demonstrating that you have fully understood the text that you have
read or heard, for condensing notes and for researching essays and
assignments. Good summarising involves ascertaining what the main ideas
of the text/audio are, and being able to maintain these ideas in a
shortened version. It also involves being able to nominalise verbs,
. turn them into nouns, use synonyms, split long sentences into
short sentences and to join short sentences together to form longer
If you would like further practice, try taking a look at Andy Gillet's website . Alternatively, try listening to a podcast or any audio file which has a transcript (for example the BBC's 'Talk about English' website , create a summary and then compare this summary to the original transcript.