Sundara Kanda forms the heart of Valmiki's Ramayana and consists of a detailed, vivid account of Hanuman 's adventures. After learning about Sita, Hanuman assumes a gargantuan form and makes a colossal leap across the sea to Lanka. On the way he meets with many challenges like facing a Gandharva kanya who comes in the form of a demon to test his abilities. He encounters a mountain named Mainakudu who offers Lord Hanuman assistance and offers him rest. Lord Hanuman refuses because there is little time remaining to complete the search for Sita.
VAIRAGYA : Dispassion.
VASANA-KSHYA : Desireless.
VASANAS : Subtle desires.
VASTU : Article.
VEDANTA : The school of Hindu thoughts (based primarily on the Upanishads ).
VEDANTIN : One who follows the path of Vedanta
VEDAS : The most ancient authentic scripture of the Hindus, a revealed scripture and therefore free from imperfections.
VEERYA : Seminal energy.
VETTA : Knower.
VICHARA : Enquiry into the nature of the Self, Truth, Absolute, Brahman .
VIGRAHA : Attack.
VIKSHEPA : The tossing of mind.
VISHAYA : Sense-objects.
VIVEKA : Discrimination.
VRITTI : A wave in the mind-lake.
VYAVAHARA : (Worldly) activity.
In around 1580-1590 the Mughals were experiencing the European styles and art form. We must mention that the Europeans were never a main influence, but studying their work was a different kind of task for the court artists. As a result we can see a number of paintings which combine the European style with the Indian/Persian/Islamic art designs. Whilst Jahangir was the emperor Sir Thomas Roe visited the Mughal Empire and took with him a number of European paintings. Once at the court 5 of his portraits were copied by the court artists and once represented to him he was amused for not being able to distinguish between the original and copies made. [ 25 ] Presence of Foreign ambassadors tells us that Mughal rulers had dynamic trade connections with overseas countries.